Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine, as the European Neighborhood Policy countries, actively improve and implement modern national civil protection, what includes the development of the national and international cooperation. That national civil protection in these countries includes disaster prevention and response. The state emergency services in these countries provide the state policy implementation in the sphere of:
• realization of state policy in sphere of civil protection;
• protection of population and territories from the emergencies;
• fire-prevention and fire-fighting;
• provision of industrial safety;
• hydro -meteorological activity;
• marine safety.
Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, have developed modern civil protection preparedness response to CBRN disasters including environmental and marine pollution. They actively participated in the civil protection services of the EU and the Members States. They are ready – through and active participation in EU-CHEM-RREACT 2 – identify and share lessons learned and test and implement the EU Mechanism.
In order to underline the EU and the neighbouring European Union countries commitment to the global obligations the completeness of planning and preparedness of CBRN man induced incidents will be analysed towards requirements set forth by UNSC Resolution 1540, provisions of the Chemical Weapons Convention and the work of the OPCW, WHO International Health Regulations, criminal procedures and practices of INTERPOL, UN OCHA humanitarian action in partnership with national and international actors, procedures of NATO’s principal civil emergency response mechanism.
The performance of the national civil protection in the European Neighborhood Policy countries, its efficiency and capacity to interoperate with the neighbouring European Union countries, European institutions and with European Union standards and procedures, need to be fully tested. The urgency of interoperability between EU countries and the neighbouring countries is further accentuated by the ongoing development of chemical activities in production, trade, transport, storage and use, and a need to meet the threats of environmental disasters, which could challenge civil protection in its disaster handling capacity.
The project concentrates on specific features of planning and preparedness to CBRN (Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear) related disasters, with an emphasis on Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs) and chemical warfare agents, biological agents and toxins and radiological material. In the course of the project we would compare preparedness to CBR(N) incidents in a EU country and in the neighbouring European Union countries through conducted and jointly analysed Table Top Exercise /TTX/, Command post Exercise (CPX) and a Full Scale Field Exercise (FsX).
We will use ERCC Mechanism to test interoperability of the European Neighborhood Policy countries national and ERCP teams and testing ERCC and Members States procedures. This will be done through verification of planning and preparedness as well as deployment of ERCP team in response to a CBRN incident bearing trans-boundary consequences. The tested elements include alarm system, preparedness for detection, analysis and deployment of rescue operators, cooperation at a preparedness and planning stage between, radiological authorities, police, forensics, local and regional crisis management, environmental and sanitary authorities. We will test communication and effectiveness of ERCC mechanism use. The results of TTX and CPX exercises would be used to propose the improvements that would be further tested in a final. Field exercise. The outcome would include indications of system flaws and discontinuities and proposals of corrective arrangements and procedural improvements.
Terrorist envoys decided to expand the area of their actions to Eastern Europe. They have done it with an intention to maintain terror pressure in Europe. In an attempt to achieve high impact they analysed an attack to a nuclear power plant, contaminate major river with post-military wastes but find those too complicated technically, they reduced their plans to an attack on a chemical plant and conduct of series of activities to misuse toxic chemicals. They decided to do so in a coordinated approach in other countries. In one country they attack a train transporting chlorine to another country. One country was further affected by unexpectedly high levels of Danube river and potential flooding. This coordinated approach hugely affects the response mechanism and capabilities to send rescue units from the EU Mechanism. The Mechanism was tested in Ukraine before, however the effectiveness of the EU Mechanism requires the knowledge, experience and practice, how to active and use it in a most efficient way.
Given the fact of multitude of actions required in various countries (and several interdependencies involved) this is a very opportunity for EU countries to test their procedures, including a perspective to coordinate the Mechanism in a complicated scenario, where several neighbouring European Union countries are affected by the man-made and natural chemical and environmental disasters.
The first attack planned to exploit extension of a number of victims combining the release with a heavy traffic of sport spectators heading to a nearby city for a European Cup football match. Early morning a group of terrorists attacked a chemical plant in the city of Yavoriv on the Lviv oblast as a result of an attack a cloud of toxic substance is released.
The toxic cloud is moving towards border with Poland. The cloud threatens to cause huge uncontrolled release of toxic substances to nearby water reservoir. Due to international character of the consequences and neither known extent nor possible propagation of incidents Ukraine requested assistance from ERCC and involvement of the regionally available forces from Poland and Czech Republic.
Ukraine requests an international assistance in the shape of: international emergency response teams (especially teams with a capacity to detect, measure concentration of toxic substances in the air and foreseen movement of toxic cloud, medical teams and salvage operations specialists), coordination team to advise local emergency authorities and facilitate coordination of incoming assistance and in kind assistance. Because Belarus is also affected, additional forces from Lithuania will be involved.
Besides the main emergency caused by uncontrolled release of toxic substance some accompanying incidents occur as an effect of coincidence and unintended actions of people endangered by main incidents. As toxic cloud moves it causes serious concerns of safety for people living in close vicinity what imminently leads to mass evacuation and panic. Numerous collisions and road accident are noticed, increasing a need for interventions of rescue services that causes a huge demand on additional resources to be involved in rescue operations.
Depending on the specific objectives for each exercise, the scenario and different injects will be adjusted accordingly to target the aim and audiences. The participating teams will be challenged by different dilemmas brought in through the targeted injects. Some types of injects need the role-players who in person interact in a realistic way with the participants, delivering the necessary information to the team. A set of maps and baseline data are part of the basic information package that will be tailored to the specific exercise venues to ensure correct geographical locators and design of maps and country specific information material
Co-funded by European Union Civil Protection