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EU-CHEM-REACT-2

Together for better
civil protection

What is EU-CHEM-REACT-2?
EU-CHEM-REACT-2 is program of enhancing national and regional capacity building, civil protection and cooperation in reducing chemical threats, promoting and developing EU Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM) through trainings and exercises.

A unique regional and international partnership of stakeholders, led by ICCSS, from governments, industry, civil society, voluntary fire services, and academia, from Belarus, Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine, and in cooperation with the international agencies, including EU, UN OCHA, OPCW, NATO, INTERPOL.

The EU-CHEM-REACT 2017-2018 Project
Financed from the EU grant, aims to strengthen Ukraine civil protection system, enhance its capacity to interoperate with the neighbouring countries and European institutions, and to test and develop EU Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM).

The EU-CHEM-REACT 2
to be implemented in 2019-2020, addresses a need to improve prevention, preparedness and response to chemical disasters in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine, through:

-Series of trainings and exercises in civil protection including: Table Top Exercises /TTX/, Command Post Exercises (CPX) and a Full Scale Field Exercise (FsX)
-Best practices exchanges and national and industry capacity building
-Development of volunteer fire service and its use within UCPM
-development of Civil Protection Exercises Public Information Strategy
-Establishment of a regional exercise network in civil protection.

The project further develops the vision for public security in the Central and Easter Europe with an emphasis on cooperation in prevention, preparedness for and response to man made or natural chemical disasters.

Background
The project is funded in the framework of the Union Civil Protection Mechanism Exercises outlined in Action 2.6 of the 2018 Work Programme (WP 2018).

The Union Civil Protection Mechanism, hereafter the Mechanism, was established by Decision No 1313/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism.

The Mechanism was set up with the aim to provide support, upon request, in the event of major emergencies and to facilitate improved coordination of assistance intervention. The Mechanism does so by facilitating response to protect primarily people but also the environment and property, including cultural heritage, in the event of natural and man-made disasters, acts of terrorism and technological, radiological or environmental accidents, including accidental marine pollution, occurring inside or outside the European Union, taking into account the special needs of the isolated, outermost and other regions or islands of the European Union. In order to strengthen and eventually ensure the level of response that is preferred within the Mechanism, various preparedness activities are conducted to complement the national preparedness endeavours of Participating States. The Commission is tasked to set up and manage an exercise programme.

EU-CHEM-REACT 2 is based on the successful, ongoing implementation of the EU-CHEM-REACT project which is implemented by the international consortium of Lithuania, Ukraine Poland with an active participation of OSCE, Latvia and Czech Republic, and led by the ICCSS. The EU-CHEM-REACT provided for the development of Ukraine Civil Protection and preparation and conduct of Table Top Exercise (TTX) and Full Scale Field Exercise (FsX) in Lviv (Ukraine) on the response to a chemical disasters, accompanied by the activation of the EU Mechanism.

EU-CHEM-REACT 2 formed an international consortium composed of the partners from Belarus, Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine, OSCE, and the coordination of the ICCSS. The EU-CHEM-REACT 2 will provide an opportunity, in controlled environment, to learn from and improve the response capability of Participating States of the Union Civil Protection Mechanism as well as to exchange knowledge and experience with third countries. The scenario will provide for a release of toxic chemicals and an environmental disaster, as a result of a terrorist attack. The main project activities include the preparation and conduct of Table Top Exercise (TTX), Command Post Exercise (CPX) in the countries outside the EU, and one Field Exercise (FeX) in Lviv (Ukraine).

The project consists of:
-Table Top exercise (TTX) on first stage
-Command Post Exercise (CPX)
-Full Scale exercise (FSX) as a main event

MAJOR ACTIONS, MEANS INVOLVED AND IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE:
- Table Top Exercise (TTX) in Minsk, Belarus, October 2019. TTX are designed to facilitate a knowledge transfer and exchange of experience in between participants organizers and observers. It is expected that most of participants will represent Ukrainian services and agencies involved in rescue operations in case of CBRN event. Each operations level of services and agencies will be represented (intervention, tactic and strategic). Concerning the size of incident, local, regional and national entities should be involved.

- Command Post Exercise (CPX) in Chisinau, Moldova, February, 2020. CPX will be designed and implemented to simulate field response and deployment during a real response. CPX will focus on the decision making process, relations between the national (local, regional and national), and international partners, including governments and organizations.

- Full Scale Exercise (FsX) in Lviv, Ukraine, September, 2020. FsX is a main event of the project. The scenario construction requires an extensive number of rescue services, agencies and other organizations to be involved in practical part of the exercises. Responders from various countries including Czech Republic, Latvia, Moldova, Voluntary Fire Services from participating countries, will be challenged with many injects creating necessity of extensive cooperation both on the operational and planning level. One of the exercise objectives is to assure that exercise participants will be involved in carrying on rescue activities constantly for 36 hours.

- Final Project Conference: November, 2020, Lviv, Ukraine.

The partners agreed to include and develop the capacities of the volunteer fire fighters and volunteer medical rescue teams, to be further promoted within the EU Mechanism.
Co-funded by European Union Civil Protection